Researchers believe that as many as 2.3 million people throughout the world are affected by multiple sclerosis. The disease targets the human nervous system and can cause a myriad of different symptoms that make it difficult for a victim to lead a normal lifestyle.

Multiple sclerosis begins when the body’s immune system begins attacking the protective coat surrounding nerves fibers, called “myelin,” of the central nervous system. This leaves scar tissue, called sclerosis, on various areas, which then causes issues with communication between nerve signals and the spinal cord and brain. Inflammation of the nerve cells and death of the nerve cells, called “neurodegenerative,” are both considered to be components among multiple sclerosis victims, according to scientists.

The disease can lead to several neurological impairments. Symptoms, which may come and go depending upon each victim’s case, can include extreme fatigue, dizziness and difficulty with motor skills including a lack of coordination and difficulty walking, pain and tingling throughout the body, numbness in one’s legs and arms and problems with vision including double vision, pain with eye movement and even, in severe cases, partial or total vision loss.

Although scientists have not determined the cause of multiple sclerosis, nearly two-thirds of victims are women. The Mayo Clinic believes that the disease may be hereditary, and gender, race, climate and specific infections have been linked to the disease.

Americans who suffer from multiple sclerosis may be entitled to Social Security Disability benefits if they are unable to work. The application process is not simple, especially for someone already suffering from the disease. Considering that as many as two-thirds of Social Security Disability applications are initially denied, it might be in a victim’s best interests to get more information about Social Security Disability claims.

Source: Live Science, “Multiple Sclerosis: Signs, Symptoms & Treatment,” Bahar Ghoipour, Mar. 7, 2017